SEATTLE - The FAA is expected to announce a $40 million grant to Washington State University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to lead extensive research into more development of aviation bio fuels.

The grant is intended to establish a Center of Excellence, with both WSU and MIT leading a team of universities that also include the University of Washington, Oregon State, Boston University, Purdue, the University of Illinois, Stanford and eight others.

The schools are asked to develop research in a variety of areas ranging from new alternative aviation fuels to studying the wear the new fuels might put on aircraft engines.

Boeing, Alaska Airlines, United and other aerospace and fuel companies have been experimenting with alternative fuels that range from the non-food camelina plant grown across the northern plains, to other alternatives made from algae to spent cooking oil used to fry chickens.

In its request for proposals, the universities are asked to develop fuel performance testing and examine the impact the use of alternatives fuels would have on aircraft noise and other impacts.

This innovative partnership supports President Obama's national plan to address climate change, said U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx.

Airlines have expressed strong interest in alternative fuels as a way to shield themselves from volatile oil prices, as well as a way to reduce their carbon footprint.

In 2011, Alaska Airlines and its regional subsidiary Horizon Air conducted weeks of testing using fuel made from cooking oil on regularly schedules flights.

WSU and the UW have already been involved in bio fuel research. Another alternative idea under study is using slash and other wood waste from Northwest forests. That idea has been advanced in part as a way to make removal of volatile forest debris more economical and to hold down the risk of wild land fire.

The grant would provide $4 million a year for each of the 10 years the program would run and would be matched with private research dollars.

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